Braces: Anatomy, Problems and Solutions

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  1. Band – ring of metal that is glued onto the tooth.
  2. Bonded Bracket – attachment bonded directly to the tooth.
  3. Archwire – removable wire that fits around the arch into the bracket slots.
    • Ligature Wire – tiny wire that ties archwire into bracket.
    • Elastic Ligature – plastic module that ties archwire into bracket.
  4. Door – when closed, keeps the archwire in the bracket (a new technology).
  5. Hooks – used to attach elastics (rubber bands).

Problem: Loose Band or Bracket

Solution: The seal created by the cement (glue) has been broken. Call our office and schedule an appointment. If a band or bracket detaches from the wire, save it and bring it with you to your next appointment.

Problem: Broken Archwire or Headgear, Lost Ligature or Hook

Solution: These problems could cause the teeth to shift in the wrong direction and should be corrected as soon as possible. Call our office and schedule an appointment.

Problem: Sticker

Solution: That’s the term for a wire that sticks out and causes irritation. Try tucking it in with the eraser part of a pencil. If that doesn’t work, dry it with a napkin and place wax over the wire to prevent further sticking.

Problem: Soreness

Solution: To relieve any soreness, rinse your mouth with warm salt water and/or take Advil or Tylenol as directed.

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